The Article 29 Working Party was an advisory body composed of representatives of the national data protection authorities (DPAs) of the European Union (EU) member states, the European Data Protection Supervisor, and the European Commission.
The Working Party was established under Article 29 of the EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC to provide guidance and recommendations on the interpretation and implementation of the Directive.
The Working Party had an important role in shaping the EU’s data protection framework and was responsible for issuing opinions, recommendations, and guidelines on a range of data protection issues, including international data transfers, data retention, and data breach notifications.
In 2018, the Working Party was replaced by the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
The EDPB has a similar role to the Article 29 Working Party in providing guidance and ensuring consistency in the interpretation and application of the GDPR across the EU.